Many of the current Cannabis strains have their origins in imports to North America during the 1960s and 1970s (and even earlier). The earliest strains of Cannabis that were used in North America (the United States section of North America), most likely originated in the southern section of North America (Mexico). Cannabis was originally tagged with the pejorative term “Marijuana” as part of the propaganda campaign of the US Federal system of xenophobia and purposeful targeting of minorities for persecution (specifically, in this case, Hispanic and African-American people). The term “Marijuana” was given to Cannabis because many Hispanic people used it, and also the underground Jazz (and other African-American music genres of the time) musicians used it (more than whites). Stick with me, I am leading to the fact that most of the early weed came from Mexico. There were various '“brands” of weed back t hen, mostly denoting geographic location of its origin. There was “Panama Red”, “Acapulco Gold”, “Oaxacan”, among others, and the common “Brick Weed” which can still be found in some locations. By the way, I would love to get my hand on some brick-weed seeds. Why? Because here in Hawaii the early weed was grown from brick-weed seeds, or perhaps Acapulco or other Brands that commonly had seeds. The “Sin-Semilla” (literally, “seedless”, in Spanish) that emerged to cater to the US market was developed as the suppliers realized that they could make more money for seedless weed. Of the various strains of Maui-Wowee that were available in the 1970s, one strain that I used to grow was developed from Mexican original land-race (brick-weed), Thai, and finally merged with Afghani. There were many other combinations of land-race strains that the early pot-farmers on Maui created. Hence, it is inaccurate to claim that there is a single strain called “Maui Wowee”.

I also am aware that the same principle applies to other areas in Hawaii. The original “Kauai Electric” was most likely from brick-weed, given its sativa-like qualities. The “Kona Gold” (at least one of them) is purported to have its roots in the Acapulco region. I know the some of the so-called “Puna Butter” (or, “Puna buddah”) came from Maui and was combined with additional Thai and Colombian land races.

Of course, in the East coast of the US, and midwest, there were many strains of hemp grown. When the anti-immigrant hysteria, and concomitant persecution of pot-smokers phase of history was happening there was a massive destruction of hemp fields across the country. Many of these established fields had adjacent areas populated by seeds in the irrigation ditches. Hence, when desperate pot-addicted kids (mostly white, by the way) saw all that weed growing in the ditches they harvested it illegally and called it “Ditch-Weed”. No, it would not get you stoned, but just being a rebellious teen and getting an illegal thing was worth it for many uppity adolescents.

I would love to go into the spread of Colombian, Thai Sticks, and the various kinds of hash (Nepalese Temple Balls, Afghani Pancake Hash, and the Moroccan blonde hash, among other), but I have made enough of a blog for today.

I will end by saying that I have really enjoyed researching strains, and being (almost) scientific about it.

Written by Matthew Brittain, LCSW

why is some dispensary weed not as effective as outdoor grown cannabis?

Many people have reported that the cannabis that they get from dispensaries is not as effective as the supplies they get from outdoor grow operations. The reason for this, in my professional and educated view, is that the outdoor grown cannabis is the product of a complete biome with many adjunct biological actions at play. The natural fungal and bacterial, and even viral, components of the environment that outdoor cannabis grows in all add to the wider variety of effective compounds in t he finished product. I believe that there are more of the effective cannabinoids in outdoor-grown cannabis specimens than the very same specimen grown in indoor (laboratory-like) conditions. The additional compounds besides cannabinoids also are important, and these include flavonoids and other components (of which there are many). Outdoor grown plants have a mutually beneficial relationship with various fungus species, beneficial bacteria, and other organisms. I believe that plants that are part of a natural environment are more complete in their medicinal qualities, and provide a fuller Entourage Effect, with balanced components (see Entourage Effect in earlier blog).

Full-Spectrum Cannabinoids used as Topical Medicine

Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica both hold a wide variety of cannabinoids, including CBD, THC, THCA, CBN and many others. A full-spectrum cannabinoid salve for transdermal use is considered to be more effective than a CBD-only preparation. Such a full-spectrum topical product could be very helpful for those suffering from a variety of ailments, including arthritis, tendonitis, and muscle issues. The question is how to apply the topical preparation? Normally, a person simply applies the salve as an ointment or cream. However, there could be a variety of medicine-delivery systems such as infused pads or even socks and gloves. The benefit of infused socks or gloves would be that the medicine would be maintained in contact with the affected area such that the medicine is not rubbed off as a person uses their extremities, or by the bedsheets as the patient sleeps. Medical research is progressing in terms of the role that various cannabinoids play in the treatment of a variety of conditions. I am sure that much information will be forthcoming, so keep posted!

How to get a medical marijuana card...

How to get a Medical Marijuana Card, method one: First, see that you qualify. You can find that out by visiting our website (you are already here, so that should be easy), or by checking out the State of Hawaii Dept. of Health (DOH) website and see if your diagnosis fits. Once you have done that, then make an appointment with us so that we can get you in to our next clinic on the island that you live on. After that, you go online to do your application with the DOH. This option is best if you want guidance on how to do the online application and you are confident in your computer skills and also want to save a bit of m money. Then, you wait for your card….

How to get a medical marijuana card, method two: First, see that you qualify (see above). Then, go online and fill out the DOH application. This option is best if you are confident that you know how to fill out the online forms, and don’t need any guidance. Then, contact us to make your appointment to see us on your island. Then, wait for your card.

How to get your medical marijuana card, method three: First, see that you qualify (see above). Then, come see us, and pay a little extra money for us to do all the online application for you. This option is best if you have no computer access, or don’t want to be bothered with doing the application. Of course, you then wait to get your card in the mail.

How to get your medical marijuana card, method four: See that you qualify (sorry to repeat); then, come see us on the island that you live (or, you can go to another island and see us at any clinic you choose); then, have your friend or family member do the application online with the DOH. This method is best if you want to save some money and also have a supportive person to help you out. Finally, wait for your card.

How to get your medical marijuana card, method five: If you have your cannabis card from another state, then you will soon (around June, 2019) be able to get your Hawaii temporary “visitor” card all online through the DOH website. Go to their website here:

How to get your caregiver a medical marijuana card: Follow the above methods, just be sure that the caregiver forms are filled out. Once you, as the patient, get their card, then your caregiver will also get one. Your caregiver will then be able to buy supplies from any dispensary in Hawaii, and also grow and process your plants for you.

Once you have your 329 card then you (or your caregiver) can grow your own plants, process them into various products, and also buy products from the dispensaries.

I hope this blog has been helpful to answer your question: “How to get a medical marijuana card”.

Is marijuana legal in Hawaii? Yes, Kind of...and, also, no.

Hawaii marijuana laws are kind of, well, “growing”, or “evolving”. Hawaii marijuana is renowned for its quality, and has had a major impact on the national psyche (think “Maui Wowee” and “Kona Gold”), yet many people in Hawaii and around the world do not know what the Hawaii marijuana laws are all about. To the questions as follows:

Is weed legal in Hawaii?

Is marijuana legal in Hawaii?

Is Cannabis legal in Hawaii?

The answer is that cannabis is legal for medical use in Hawaii as long as the patient is properly registered with the Dept. of Health and abides by a whole lot of rules. Essentially, a patient can grow no more than 10 plants, and possess no more than 4 ounces of “usable” cannabis. “Usable cannabis” means buds or leaf or shake but does not include stems, seeds or roots.

Concentrates are also allowed. Hawaii cannabis laws allow for concentrates to be possessed and made by patients for themselves, and also the dispensaries are allowed to make and sell concentrates. In the rare case that concentrates would end up in a trial, the general rule (but consult with an attorney) is that concentrates are measured in terms of their percentage of THC and then compared to bus with an average of 20% THC, so the court can determine if the sample exceeds the allowable amount. For instance, if a person is found to have an ounce of honey oil the is 50% THC, then that would be counted as the same as 2.5 ounces of bud.

There are restrictions on the use of cannabis. It can not be consumed in public areas, and it must be in a childproof container if it is in a household with children.

There are protections for certain civil situations as well: Child welfare services can not restrict parental right based only on a parent having a 329 card. Medical services can’t be denied. Housing and school discrimination is prohibited.

Overall, the Hawaii Marijuana situation is getting so much better all the time. Each year, the Hawaii legislature improves the 329 law a little bit more, but it sure seems like a very long time to get to where other states have been for years!

Hawaii marijuana laws started to relax in the year 2000, when it was first legalized for medical use here. Originally, the law said that patients could grow up to 7 plants (only 3 mature and 4 immature), possess up to 3 ounces of usable marijuana, and there were no dispensaries allowed. The program was initially run by the Narcotics Enforcement Division, but then administration of the Hawaii Marijuana program transitioned to the Department of Health. During this time, the number of plants was increased to 10 (and they could be of any size), and the number of ounces increased to 4. In addition, dispensaries were approved, and now dispensaries are found on Maui, Oahu, and Kauai (Hawaii Island dispensaries will open in 2019). In addition to these changes, a few other changes have been added. PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder) gained status as qualifying for the 329 card, for instance, and also the civil protections have broadened over the years.

Interested people often ask me some variable on the question “What is going to happen with the Hawaii marijuana laws?” My educated guess is that there will be a relatively slow progression of changes to the current system, that will include the licensure of more dispensaries, adding more qualifying conditions, adding more civil protections (such as for employment, see the prior blog), and perhaps adding in the availability of patients creating private cooperatives. I believe that Hawaii marijuana will be legal for recreational use/sale in 3 to 5 years (2021 to 2023).

I highly encourage you to create a profile at so that you can add your own testimony to upcoming legislation.

Worker Protections ARE STILL IN PROCESS

Hawaii now is moving towards additional civil protections for employed cannabis patients. We almost got passed a law, held as language in Act 116, stating that employees who are not in safety-sensitive jobs may not be legally fired just for having a positive THC drug test. The actual language was not added, though, and this item must be fought for in future legislative bills.